Portland Wilderness

Indian Heaven Wilderness
Indian Heaven Essentials
Size : 20,650 acres.
Year Designated : 1984.
Location : Southwestern Washington.
Easiest Access : From Carson, near Interstate 84, take County Road 65 north about 30 miles. Turn east on County Road 60 and drive about three miles to Crest Horse Camp and the Pacific Crest Trailhead near the south boundary.
Season : Fall.
Wilderness Fees/Permits : None.
Maps : USGS topographic maps are Gifford Peak, Lone Butte, and Sleeping Beauty.
Management : Mount Adams Ranger District: Gifford Pinchot National Forest

A forested plateau dominated by fir (Pacific silver, noble, subalpine) opens often into meadows splattered with at least 150 small lakes, ponds, and marshes in this wilderness. Most of the larger lakes contain rainbow and brook trout. Lava once flowed from almost every knobby rise above the plateau, which averages 4,500 feet in elevation. The numerous volcanic cones reach their highest point on Lemei Rock (5,927 feet), where a broad crater now contains Lake Wapiki. A wealth of summer wildflower color is negated by the swarms of biting insects born in the ubiquitous water. Deer and elk reside here until winter snows drive them lower, along with black bears attracted to the abundant ripening of fall huckleberries. Periodically over the past 9,000 years Indians (including the Yakima, Klickitat, Cascades, Wasco, Wishram, and Umatilla tribes) gathered here for berry picking, fishing, and hunting.

The Pacific Crest National Scenic Trail crosses the entire wilderness north-south for a distance of 16.4 miles, with several side trails to some of the larger lakes and to the Indian Racetrack, a 2,000-foot-long field where horse racing once provided a break from the tribal food gathering routine. Seven other trails enter from the east and west to join the PCT. In winter, the gentle terrain is buried under four to six feet of snow, an increasing attraction to cross-country skiers.


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