Everglades National Park

More Mammals

More than 40 species of mammals are found in Everglades National Park. Many species commonly associated with drier habitats of forest and fields have adapted to the semi-aquatic environment that comprises most of the park's acreage. It's not uncommon to see white-tailed deer wading through sawgrass prairie or a bobcat foraging for food in the mangrove area of the park.

Nocturnal habitats of many mammals make them difficult to observe. Tracks, scat, or other signs of their activities might be the only evidence one sees of their presence. Early morning and late afternoon are the best times to observe mammals.

This list represents species found within the boundary of the park and/or immediate area.

Oppossum (Didelphis marsupialis)
Locally common in hardwood hammocks, pinelands, and developed sites.

Short-tailed shrew (Blarina brevicauda)
Locally common in hardwood hammocks, pinelands, and freshwater marshes.

Least shrew (Cryptotis parva)
Locally common in hardwood hammocks, pinelands, and freshwater marshes.

Eastern mole (Scalopus aquaticus)
Hypothetical; an early record near Royal Palm; occurs in the Miami area.

Seminole bat (Lasiurus seminolus)
Hypothetical; has been found in Miami.

Florida yellow bat (Lasiurus intermedius)
Hypothetical; has been found in Miami.

Evening bat (Nycticeius hymeralis)
Hypothetical. Has been found near Homestead and in the Big Cypress National Reserve.

Brazilian free-tailed bat (Tadarida brasiliensis)
Hypothetical. Locally common in southern Florida, especially in developed sites. Unidentified free-tailed bats have been recorded at Royal Palm.

Florida mastiff bat (Eumops glaucinus)
Hypothetical. Occurs in Miami.

Nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus)
Exotic species. Somewhat common near Everglades City and Long Pine Key area.

Marsh rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris)
Common in higher freshwater marshes, pinelands, and coastal prairies. Black species are not uncommon.

Eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus)
Rare in pinelands near Long Pine Key. Most commonly seen near Pine Island.

Gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis)
Rare in park, but locally common near Royal Palm and Long Pine Key.

Fox squirrel (Sciurus niger)
Formerly occurred near Royal Palm and eastern parts of the park. Now are found along the west coast in mangroves, pinelands, and cypress swamp.

Southern flying squirrel (Glaucomys volans)
Uncommon in pinelands of the park.

Rice rat (Oryzomys palustris)
Common in freshwater marshes and cypress.

Cotton mouse (Peromyscus gossypinus)
Common in pinelands, hardwood hammocks, and drier freshwater marshes.

Cotton rat (Sigmodon hispisus)
Common in pinelands, hardwood hammocks, and dry freshwater marshes. Frequently seen feeding along roads and in developed sites.

Roundtail muskrat (neofiber alleni)
Locally common in colonies in freshwater marshes and coastal prairies. Muskrat homes can be seen in the Shark Valley area.

Roof rat (Rattus rattus)
Exotic species from Europe. Locally common in developed sites. Has been established near Flamingo for 50 years. Uncommon in coastal prairies, mangroves, and hardwood hammocks.

Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus)
Hypothetical. Exotic species from Europe. Occurs in Miami.

House mouse (Mus musculus)
Exotic species from Europe. Common in developed sites, drier freshwater marshes and pinelands.

Atlantic bottlenosed dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)
Common in marine and estuarine areas. Frequently seen off Flamingo, Cape Sable, and the Gulf Coast.

Short-finned or Pilot whale (Globicephala marcorhyncha)
Uncommon in marine areas, especially off Cape Sable and west coast.

Grey fox (Urocyon cineroargenteus)
Rare in park pinelands. Most frequently seen near eastern Long Pine Key.

Red fox (Vulpes vulpes)
Exotic and rare in park, infrequently seen in the Long Pine Key area.

Domestic dog (Canis familiaris)
Rare exotic. Feral or abandoned individuals rarely occur in the park, but are common nearby.

Black bear (Ursus americanus)
Previously occurring along the east coast. Are now rare in the park. Have been seen near Flamingo, Shark Valley, and the Long Pine Key area.

Raccoon (Procyon lotor)
Common in most habitats. Frequently in developed sites and along roads at night. Two subspecies occur in the park.

Coati (Nasua narica)
Exotic species from Central and South America. Abandoned individuals have rarely been seen in the park.

Everglades mink (Mustela vison)
Uncommon along the northern boundary of the park. Most commonly seen along the Tamiami Trail and at Shark Valley.

Long-tailed weasel (Mustela frenata)
Hypothetical. Has been found near Collier-Seminole State Park.

Eastern spotted skunk (Spirogale putorius)
Hypothetical; has been seen near park entrance station.

Striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis)
Rare on Long Pine Key.

River otter (Lutra canadensis)
Uncommon in freshwater marshes. Most commonly seen in the Spring at Anhinga Trail and Shark Valley.

Florida panther (Felis concolor)
Endangered subspecies (F.c.coryi) is rare in pinelands, coastal marshes, and freshwater marshes.

Bobcat (Lynx rufus)
Common in pinelands, coastal prairies, and hardwood hammocks.

Domestic cat (Felis domesticus)
Rare exotic. Abandoned or feral individuals infrequently seen, especially along the main park road.

West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus)
Endangered species locally common in marine and estuarine areas. Frequently seen in Whitewater Bay, Hells Bay, and along the west coat.

Domestic pig (Sus scrofa)
Exotic species from Europe. Rare in freshwater marshes and cypress. Seen occasionally in various parts of the park.

White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginia)
Common in pinelands and freshwater marshes at Long Pine Key and Shark Valley.


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