Panama occupies a thin strip of land bridging the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea. Panama City sits near the very center of the country, on the Pacific coast, along the Gulf of Panama. The city itself has a tropical wet climate, with annual wet and dry seasons. On the whole, Panama City sees an average of 75 inches of rain each year, with about 20 of those inches falling in October alone, during the height of the wet season. The dampest period spans from May to November, while the dry season falls between January and April.
The dry season also coincides with Panama's high tourist season. The weather in Panama City is generally pleasant, with little rain, from mid-December to mid-April, but hotel prices and airfares are highest during this time, too.
Prices and crowds really top out, however, during Panama City's Carnival—one of the biggest throw-downs in the world. It's celebrated during the four days leading up to Ash Wednesday, which typically falls in February or March. The raucous celebration is worth a visit if you’re game for partying, but be sure to book your accommodations far in advance, as they fill up fast.
Average temperatures fluctuate little throughout the year. In January, for instance, average temperatures flow between 65 and 92. In July, averages range from 70 to 93.