Medina is located in west-central Saudi Arabia, about 100 miles inland from the Red Sea coast. As with most Middle Eastern countries, Saudi Arabia has a generally hot and arid climate, and Medina is no exception to that rule.
Summers here can be scorching—and they last a long time. As early as April and as late as October, temperatures can regularly top 100 degrees. It is much more pleasant in Medina during the short winter, from about November through February.
Visitors to Medina should consider the dates of the Hajj, a holy duty that must be carried out at least once by every able-bodied Muslim who can afford to do so. The pilgrimage occurs from the 8th to the 12th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, which is the last month of the Islamic calendar year. Since the Islamic calendar is lunar, the dates of Hajj change from year to year.